Although the Football Association of Iceland (Knattspyrnusamband Íslands or KSÍ) was founded as late as 1947, the Football Federation of Reykjavik – as authorised by the Icelandic Sports Federation – had overseen a national championship from 1912 onwards. Once established, the KSÍ was affiliated to FIFA in 1947, gaining UEFA membership seven years later.
Just three teams participated in the debut league season of 1912, yet the game gradually grew in popularity, even if the number of clubs increased slowly. By the KSÍ's formation year, there were 14 member clubs, of which eight remain fully active: Fram, KR, Víkingur and Valur from Reykjavik; Haukar and FH from Hafnarfjordur; and KA and Thór from Akureyri. Today, around 80 clubs fall under the KSÍ aegis.
The country's first official international was played in 1946, 12 months before the KSÍ's arrival on the scene. Denmark were in opposition and inflicted a convincing 3-0 defeat on the Icelandic side.
Iceland's first victory came in 1947, 2-0 against Finland in Reykjavik. Three years later the Icelandic team recorded one of the greatest wins in their history: Sweden were beaten 4-3 in the capital, with ÍA Akranes player Ríkhardur Jónsson scoring all four goals. The Swedes would not lose to Iceland again for 50 years, until they went down 2-1 in Reykjavik in August 2000. However, the side's lowest moment was in 1967 when Denmark inflicted a 14-2 defeat in Copenhagen.
In the last decade and a half, the team have regularly given eye-catching performances. A 1-0 success against Russia in 1998 and a 3-1 triumph over the Czech Republic in 2001 are among the highlights. Other notable results have been registered against strong football nations such as Norway and Northern Ireland. And one of the proudest days arrived in 2004, with Italy dispatched 2-0 in a Reykjavik friendly in front of a record crowd at Laugardalsvöllur Stadium.
That the side narrowly failed to qualify for both UEFA EURO 2000 and UEFA EURO 2004 shows how small footballing outposts like Iceland can worry big-name opponents. One reason for this development is the steady number of Icelandic players building professional careers abroad. Against this backdrop came the feat of qualification – at the expense of holders Germany – for the 2011 UEFA European Under-21 Championship in Denmark, the country's first representation at a major UEFA men's tournament.
The core of that team became an integral part of Iceland’s main squad once Lars Lagerbäck took charge on 14 October 2011. With a so-called “Golden Generation” coming through, the Swede brought much-needed experience and organisation to Iceland. It was soon clear that the team was making huge strides. A place was gained in the FIFA World Cup 2014 playoffs, but Iceland lost narrowly to Croatia. Then, some superb performances during the UEFA EURO 2016 qualifiers sent the nation to its first EURO. The rest is history; Iceland stole the show in France, and succeeded in knocking out England before succumbing to the hosts in the quarter-finals.
The women’s national team has been one of the best in Europe for some time now, and recently qualified for their third EURO final tournament in a row. After bowing out in the group stage in their first appearance in 2009, they reached the quarter-finals in 2013 before losing out to the hosts Sweden. After a splendid qualifying campaign, where Iceland only conceded two goals, both in the last game against Scotland, a berth was booked at the UEFA Women’s EURO 2017 in the Netherlands.
The first Icelandic professional, and one of the greatest, was Albert Gudmundsson who played for Arsenal FC, AC Milan, and AS Nancy-Lorraine in the 1950s. A statue of Gudmundsson stands in front of the KSÍ headquarters. Other famous players include: Ásgeir Sigurvinsson, a captain of VfB Stuttgart; Atli Edvaldsson, a German Bundesliga striker; Arnór Gudjohnsen, who was with RSC Anderlecht and FC Girondins de Bordeaux; and Eyjólfur Sverrisson, who gave long fruitful service to Stuttgart and Hertha BSC Berlin, plus Beşiktaş JK in Turkey. Now more than 50 Icelanders ply their trade on foreign fields, mostly in England and Scandinavia. The best-known remains Eidur Gudjohnsen, whose CV displays a UEFA Champions League winners' medal with FC Barcelona and stints with Bolton Wanderers FC, Chelsea FC and AS Monaco FC.
Iceland's early international matches took place at the old Melavöllurinn Stadium in Reykjavik, where attendances of up to 10,000 were recorded for big games. The current main stadium, Laugardalsvöllur, was opened in the capital in 1957, and is now the real centre of Icelandic football. In 1968 more than 18,000 spectators watched a European Champion Clubs' Cup tie between Valur Reykjavík and Eusébio's SL Benfica. That attendance record stood until August 2004 when 20,204 fans saw Iceland beat Italy. Today, the capacity of Laugardalsvollur stands at about 9,700, with tickets for every game a much sought-after commodity amid Iceland's recent successes.
Date of Birth: 9 September 1964
Association president since: 2007
• After representing KR Reykjavík at all youth levels, Geir Thorsteinsson moved into refereeing in his teens, officiating at senior levels as well as coaching young players; combined these duties with positions in the KR administration, initially as club secretary, then as a member of the board and vice-president.
• Joined the Football Association of Iceland (KSÍ) as office manager in 1992, becoming general manager five years later and then being elected president in 2007. His success in coach education and infrastructure development were crowned as Iceland competed at the UEFA Women's EUROs in 2009 and 2013, and qualified for the 2011 mens' UEFA European Under-21 Championship. Thorsteinsson was elected for a fifth term at the helm in February 2015.
• Thorsteinsson said: "We have tried our best to build for the future, both in terms of stadiums and indoor sports halls as well as coach education, and that has paid off. Youth participation is increasing and we can see many young, talented players, both boys and girls, making the step up in technical terms."
Date of birth: 3 June 1969
Association general secretary since: 2015
• Klara Bjartmarz has been passionately involved in football for most of her life. Having played through the ranks as a goalkeeper at Víkingur Reykjavík, along with a stint as youth team coach, she joined KR Reykjavík, the capital´s oldest club and played there for several seasons, before moving to play for Stjarnan in the neighboring town of Gardabær.
• Holding a BA degree in sociology from the University of Iceland, Bjartmarz joined the FA of Iceland (KSÍ) in January 1994, and has been a key member of the FA´s staff for over two decades, seeing the FA and football in Iceland grow in stature from year from year. Further education was acquired in the form of event management at the University of Hólar in Iceland.
• She has served as team manager for the Icelandic women´s national teams, while also managing player registrations, player contracts and disciplinary matters, later taking on the role of FA office manager. In March 2015, Bjartmarz was appointed interim general secretary, before being confirmed in the position in August 2015.