Spain can look back with pride on a distinguished footballing history which has been increasingly spiced with success, never more so than in recent years as the country sandwiched 2010 FIFA World Cup glory with continental pre-eminence at both UEFA EURO 2008 and UEFA EURO 2012. Such has been the recent supremacy of this UEFA founder member that Spanish football is now considered the predominant force in the European and world game.
Spain's first milestone as a soccer nation came with the establishment of the Royal Spanish Football Federation (Real Federación Española de Fútbol or RFEF) in 1909. After the RFEF received the royal seal in 1913, the governing body was admitted to FIFA on 27 July 1914. Although it took another six summers before a full Spanish national team made its debut, losing 1-0 in Denmark in August 1920, the sport had been putting down firm roots in the Iberian territory.
The first indicator of football's arrival was the formation of RC Recreativo de Huelva in 1889. The Copa del Rey – still the premier national cup competition – got started in 1903, soon to be dominated by FC Barcelona, Athletic Club and Real Madrid CF. A decade later there were 25 RFEF-registered clubs. Even so, a national league championship only began in earnest in February 1929, involving ten teams, as efforts to unify the clubs finally bore fruit. Top-flight numbers would peak at 22 in the 1995/96 season, before dropping back to 20.
A slow starter perhaps, yet the RFEF timeline shows peaks long before the recent run of sustained success. The federation has been well represented in all club and national-team competitions. Spain won the 1964 UEFA European Championship, defeating the Soviet Union 2-1 in the final in Madrid with goals from Jesús María Pereda and Marcelino Martínez. The country's footballers also took gold at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, a feat book-ended by silver medals in Antwerp (1920) and Sydney (2000). The honours list spans numerous titles at junior level: UEFA European Under-21 Championship triumphs in 1986, 1998, 2011 and 2013; the FIFA U-20 World Cup in 1999; European U19 (formerly U18) glory in 1995, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2011 and 2012 and 2015; and the European U17 (formerly U16) crown in 1986, 1988, 1991, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2007 and 2008.
The same could be said of women's football as the country's sides prevailed at the UEFA European Women's U17 Championship in 2010, 2011 and 2015, plus the women's U19 finals of 2004.
This was the big-achieving background from which Luis Aragonés's class of 2008, and Vicente del Bosque's 2010 and 2012 vintages, emerged. Players such as David Villa, Iker Casillas, Xavi Hernández, Andrés Iniesta and Fernando Torres not only helped La Roja to their unprecedented trophy treble; they also wrote a cluster of new performance records for the Spanish national team.
Spain have been prominent performers on the futsal pitch as well. FIFA Futsal World Cup winners in 2000 and 2004, the national side reigned supreme in the UEFA European Futsal Championships of 1996, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2012 and 2016. Club teams have done likewise in the UEFA Futsal Cup where Playas de Castellón FS twice, Interviú Madrid on three occasions, and Barcelona have been European champions twice.
The Spanish game's richest legacy, however, may have been in the European Champion Clubs' Cup and UEFA Champions League. At the time of writing, Real Madrid's eleven triumphs in the competition remain unparalleled. Madrid dominated the tournament's first five editions. Barcelona have landed the coveted trophy five times themselves, four in recent years. Madrid, like Sevilla FC and Valencia CF, have also brought the UEFA Cup to Spain. Barcelona, Club Atlético de Madrid, Valencia and Real Zaragoza carried off the European Cup Winners' Cup and Atlético won two of the first three editions of the UEFA Europa League, with Sevilla following suit in 2014, 2015 and 2016.
Such exploits have continued to raise the profile of the Liga clubs and a domestic championship that rates among Europe's finest. From grassroots to the top of the tree, Spanish football has never had it so good.
Date of birth: 21 January 1950
Association president since: 1988
• Having come through their youth ranks, Ángel María Villar Llona made his debut for Athletic Club in 1971, and was a regular fixture at San Mamés for a decade, scoring three goals in 22 games for Spain and finishing as a runner-up in the 1977 UEFA Cup. Having studied for a law degree while playing, he was one of the founder members of the Spanish players' association in 1978 and later president of the local association in Vizcaya, working his way up to become Royal Spanish Football Federation (RFEF) president in 1988.
• Villar Llona performs various tasks with Spanish, European and world institutions – standing out are his roles with the FIFA and UEFA Executive Committee, serving as vice-president with both organisations. He is also a spokesman for the Spanish Olympic Committee. During his watch, the Spain national team have achieved their greatest period of success, winning UEFA EURO 2008, UEFA EURO 2012 and the 2010 FIFA World Cup, as well as gaining a gold medal at the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona, plus silver in Sydney in 2000. Villar has also overseen two FIFA Futsal World Cups and six UEFA European Futsal Championships, as well as assorted titles at under-age levels, including the FIFA U-20 World Cup. Success has also come in the female game with UEFA European Women's Under-17 and U19 Championship wins.
• Married with three children, Villar Llona has said: "For me, football is life. I have played the game at every level from schoolboy to club professional and the national team, and experienced the passion and the joy that this great game brings. I also know what football means to millions of people and I try to bring that to my work helping to develop the game for future generations."
Date of birth: 9 November 1956
Association General Secretary since: 2003
• Jorge Pérez graduated in journalism and began working for the EFE press agency in 1980, specialising in sports reporting, and in a decade at the agency covered the 1982 and 1986 FIFA World Cups as well as the 1984 and 1988 UEFA European Championships.
• In 1990, he joined the Royal Spanish Football Federation (RFEF) as chief press officer, staying in the role until January 1997 before becoming RFEF director of external relations. During his tenure as press officer, he worked with the Spanish national team at the 1992 and 1996 Olympic Games, the 1996 UEFA European Under-21 Championship, the 1990 World Cup and EURO '96.
• On 8 October 2003, he was named general secretary of the RFEF, a position he continues to hold today. Jorge Pérez has been awarded the gold and silver medal for sporting merit by the state department for sport, and holds numerous other awards and distinctions. He has also published several books about the Spanish national side, and was until recently editor of the magazine Fútbol – an official publication of the RFEF.